Criminal Conspiracy

Criminal conspiracy is an agreement between two or more people to commit a crime. It involves planning and coordinating criminal activities with others. 

If you’re accused of criminal conspiracy, you may face serious legal consequences, including imprisonment and hefty fines. However, you can hire a criminal lawyer in Toronto to protect your rights and defend you in court.

Elements of Criminal Conspiracy 

Criminal conspiracy refers to an agreement between two or more people to commit a crime. Now, let’s look at the elements of criminal conspiracy:


The first element of a criminal conspiracy is an agreement. This means that there must be a mutual understanding between two or more people to commit a crime. This agreement can be explicit or implicit, and it can be spoken or unspoken.


The second element of criminal conspiracy is intent. This means that the individuals involved in the conspiracy must have the intention to commit the crime. It’s not enough to just talk about committing a crime; there must be a genuine intention to carry it out.

Overt Act 

The third element of criminal conspiracy is an overt act. This means that at least one member of the conspiracy must take some sort of action toward carrying out the crime. This could be something as simple as purchasing a weapon or scouting out a location for the crime.

Criminal Objective 

The fourth element of criminal conspiracy is a criminal objective. This means that the crime that the conspirators are planning to commit must be illegal. If the crime is legal, then it doesn’t qualify as a criminal conspiracy.


The final element of criminal conspiracy is knowledge. This means that all members of the conspiracy must be aware of the criminal objective and must have knowledge of the plan to carry out the crime.

Legal Defences for Criminal Conspiracy 

Criminal conspiracy occurs when two or more people agree to commit an illegal act. However, there are legal defences that can be used to challenge the prosecution’s case. 

Also, criminal conspiracy can occur when two or more take some action toward the completion of an illegal act. It’s illegal even if the planned crime never happens. A criminal defence lawyer can help you understand more about this topic. Here are the common legal defences for criminal conspiracy:

Lack of Intent 

To be convicted of criminal conspiracy, the prosecution must prove that the defendant had the intent to commit the crime. If there is no evidence to support that the defendant had the intent to commit the illegal act, then the case may be dismissed.


If a member of the conspiracy withdraws from the agreement before the crime is committed and takes steps to stop the crime from happening, then they may have a valid defence against the charges.


Entrapment occurs when law enforcement officers induce or persuade someone to commit a crime they would not have committed otherwise. If the defendant can prove entrapment, they can have the charges dismissed.

Insufficient Evidence 

The prosecution must present sufficient evidence to prove that the defendant was part of the conspiracy. If there is not enough evidence to support the charges, then the case may be dismissed.

Lack of Agreement 

To be convicted of criminal conspiracy, there must be an agreement between two or more people to commit the illegal act. If there is no agreement, then there can be no conspiracy.

Punishment for Criminal Conspiracy 

The punishments for criminal conspiracy can vary by the severity of the crime and the jurisdiction. Here are the common punishments for criminal conspiracy:


One of the most common punishments for criminal conspiracy is imprisonment. The length of the sentence will depend on the severity of the crime and the number of people involved in the conspiracy.


In addition to imprisonment, people found guilty of criminal conspiracy may also be required to pay fines. The fines can be substantial, depending on the crime and jurisdiction.

Community Service

Some jurisdictions may require individuals convicted of criminal conspiracy to perform community service as a form of punishment. This could involve volunteering at a non-profit organization, helping with community cleanup efforts, or participating in other community-focused activities.


Criminal conspiracy offenders may be placed on probation. During this time, they will be required to meet with a probation officer, adhere to certain rules and regulations, and avoid committing any additional crimes.


Criminal conspiracy offenders may be required to pay restitution to the victim(s) of the crime. Restitution could include reimbursing any financial losses incurred by the victim(s) or providing other forms of compensation.

Criminal conspiracy is a serious offense, and offenders can face a range of punishments. If you’re facing a criminal conspiracy charge, consult a criminal defence lawyer for legal counsel.